Bamboo, The natural materials


Most bamboo species are native to warm and moist tropical and warm temperate climates. However, many species are found in diverse climates, ranging from hot tropical regions to cool mountainous regions and highland cloud forests. in việt nam, they occur across from northern to southern, escpecially in the middle of viêt nam such as Thanh hóa Province far from Hà Nội about 170km where the climate is moist tropical , They also occur in small numbers in highland of Việt Nam

Bamboos include some of the fastest-growing plants on Earth, with reported growth rates up to 91 cm (36 inch) in 24 hours. However, the growth rate is dependent on local soil and climatic conditions, as well as species, and a more typical growth rate for many commonly cultivated bamboos in temperate climates is in the range of 3–10 cm (1.2–3.9 inch) per day during the growing period. the size range for mature bamboo is species-dependent, with the smallest bamboos reaching only several inches high at maturity. A typical height range that would cover many of the common bamboos grown in Viet Nam is around 4m up to 20 m , depending on each species.

Thanh hóa province known as the “Home of Bamboo”, provides the optimal climate and soil conditions to grow, harvest, and process some of the most valued bamboo. Unlike all trees, individual bamboo culms emerge from the ground at their full diameter and grow to their full height in a single growing season of three to four months.

HARVEST TIME

On the third year, the bamboo culm hardens/bamboo hardens further and ready for harvest and suitable for use in construction or making things such as straws, utensils,… Bamboo, like true wood, it is a natural composite material with a high strength-to-weight ratio useful for structures.[Bamboo can be cut and laminated into sheets and planks or making utensils. This process involves cutting stalks into thin strips, planing them flat, and boiling and drying the strips; they are then glued (for the Bamboo flooring), pressed, and finished. Vietnamese started developing and selling laminated bamboo flooring in the West during the mid-1990s; products made from bamboo laminate, including flooring, cabinetry, furniture, utensils, straws and even decorations.

In its natural form, bamboo as a construction material is traditionally associated with the cultures of South Asia, especially In Việt Nam, bamboo was used to make house, bridge, scaffoding, ladder, furniture, utensils, chopstick,…Bamboo Utensils, bamboo straws has been used as materials substitute for plastic due to ruin for environment and soil. Furthermore, bamboo straws or bamboo utensils is aim to the beverage and restaurant industrial.

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